Madakas are the most common traditional rainwater harvesting structures used mainly in the laterite belt districts of Dakshina Kannada and Kasargod in Karnataka and Kerala respectively and are naturally occuring depressions with high terrain on the three sides where water from the surrounding laterite slopes, mainly …
Which technique of water harvesting is popular in Kerala?
In Kerala State and Karnataka people usually uses saree to catch rain water and thus employing various processes of water harvesting such as catchment, transport and filtration by using saree. A makeshift arrangement, the traditional method of RWH is deployed for three months of monsoon in some heavy rainfall areas.
Which is ancient water harvesting system?
Taanka is a traditional rainwater harvesting technique indigenous to the Thar desert region of Rajasthan. A Taanka is a cylindrical paved underground pit into which rainwater from rooftops, courtyards or artificially prepared catchments flows.
Which ancient town is known for water harvesting?
The correct answer is Dholavira. The site was in news quite recently and it is expected that you know this. Dholavira is located on Kadir island in the Rann of Kutch in Gujarat. The city had an impressive and unique water harvesting and management system.
What is ancient water harvesting system of Karnataka?
Answer: Madakas are one of the fast disappearing traditional rainwater harvesting structures found in the laterite belts of Karnataka and Kerala. … These have been traditionally used to harvest rainwater by constructing bunds on the open fourth side of the depression to check this runoff from the slopes.
Which of the following is water harvesting structures in Kerala?
Khadins, Ahars and Kattas are ancient structures that are example of water harvesting.
What is the name of rain water harvest Programme Organised by Kerala government?
Answer: Varsha is the name of rain water harvest programme organised by kerala government.
Where is rainwater harvesting used in India?
India. Tamil Nadu was the first state to make rainwater harvesting compulsory for every building to avoid groundwater depletion. The project was launched in 2001 and has been implemented in all rural areas of Tamil Nadu. Posters all over Tamil Nadu including rural areas create awareness about harvesting rainwater.
Is the ancient water harvesting concept used in Madhya Pradesh?
Bhitada village , Jhabua district of Madhya pradesh developed the unique pat system. This system was devised according to the peculiarities of the terrain to divert water from swift-flowing hill streams into irrigation channels called pats.
How is water harvesting practiced in India?
Surface runoff harvesting is the most suitable method in urban clusters. Here, streams of surface runoff rainwater are redirected and stored for future use in specially-built reservoirs, either on the surface or underground. This provides a steady supply of clean, potable water, and also water for normal domestic uses.
Which dams are used to harvest water?
Check dams are used to harvest water from streams.
Which Harappan site is known for water harvesting?
The Harappan civilisation (2500-1900 BC) comprised a number of urban centres. Dholavira, in the great Rann of Kutch (in present-day Gujarat, western India), is one of them. The city was built in a semi-arid region averaging 260 mm rainfall annually. There were no perennial water sources.
How was water conserved in ancient India?
In the flood plains of Bengal, people developed inundation channels to irrigate their fields. In this the flood water is diverted through channels to the fields for irrigation. Rooftop, rainwater harvesting was commonly practised in Rajasthan.
In which region of India Buddhist are used for water harvesting?
At the Buddhist site of Sanchi (Madhya Pradesh) dating back to the 3rd Century B.C., there are three ancient tanks to store rain water from the hill slopes. Most of the old temples in south India built centuries ago have large tanks in their premises.
Which region has adopted rainwater harvesting since ancient times?
Khadins and Johads: In arid and semi-arid regions, agricultural fields were converted into rain fed storage structures that allowed the water to stand and moisten the soil, called ‘Khadins’ in Jaisalmer and ‘Johads’ in other parts of Rajasthan.
In which region of India Bundhis are used for water harvesting?
Bundhi is one of the processes that is followed in Madhya Pradesh. Other states follow many other methods. Some of the ancient water harvestings are ‘Khadins’ and ‘nadis’ in Rajasthan, ‘bundhis’ in Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh, ‘ahars’ and ‘pynes’ in Bihar, and ‘kattas’ in Karnataka.