Answer: water content, respiratory rate,ethylene production,endogenous plant hormones,and exogenous factors such as microbial growth, temperature,relative humidity and atmospheric compositions.
What are the factors to consider in harvesting fruits?
The pre-harvest factors influencing postharvest quality are frequency of irrigation, use of fertilizers, pest control, growth regulators, climatic conditions like wet and windy weather, natural climates such as hailing, high wind velocity, heavy rainfall, and tree conditions (age, training pruning, light penetration, …
What are the factors that affect harvesting?
Climatic conditions, including wind, humidity, rainfall, and temperature influence both the quantity and quality of a harvest.
How will you know that the fruit is ready for harvest?
Check whether tree fruits such as apples and pears are ready by cupping a fruit in the palm of your hand and twisting gently. If it easily comes away it’s ready. Softer tree fruits such as peaches and nectarines are ready when they become slightly softer at the stalk end of the fruit.
How can we judge the maturity of fruits?
Visual: The size, colour of skin, persistent portion of style, the outer part of the leaf drying along with the complete body of the plant, variation in the smell, falling off of the fruits which are ripened. Physical: Abscission, fruit weight, specific gravity. Chemical: Acids, starch, TSS, sugar etc.
What are the pre harvest factors?
Pre-harvest factors viz, environmental factors such as temperature, relative humidity, water potential, light, cultural practices and pest management techniques determined the inherent quality of the produce.
What are the factors that affect the quality of fruits and vegetables?
Post-harvest life of fruits and vegetables is governed by water content, respiratory rate, ethylene production, endogenous plant hormones, and exogenous factors such as microbial growth, temperature, relative humidity and atmospheric compositions.
What is food harvesting?
Harvesting is the process of gathering a ripe crop from the fields. Reaping is the cutting of grain or pulse for harvest, typically using a scythe, sickle, or reaper. On smaller farms with minimal mechanization, harvesting is the most labor-intensive activity of the growing season.
What are the different types of harvesting?
Hand harvesting, harvesting with hand tools and harvesting with machinery are the three harvesting methods. Reaping, threshing, cleaning and hauling are the four stages of harvesting.
What are the factors affecting vegetable quality?
Climatic factors, in particular temperature and light intensity, greatly impact on the nutritional quality of fruits and vegetables. Consequently, the location of production and the season in which plants are grown can determine their ascorbic acid, carotene, riboflavin, thiamine, and flavonoid contents.
What are the guidelines when harvesting vegetables?
The best time of day to harvest most vegetables is in the early morning after the dew dries. This is when they are at their sweetest and juiciest. Avoid picking vegetables in the heat of the day, especially leafy vegetables, which can wilt immediately. Handle plants with care.
Which are the four basic operation in harvesting?
Reaping – cutting the mature panicles and straw above ground. Threshing – separating the paddy grain from the rest of cut crop. Cleaning – removing immature, unfilled, non-grain materials. Hauling – moving the cut crop to the threshing location.
What harvest means?
You see, the symbolic meaning of harvest in Scripture encompasses two main areas: God’s provision for us and God’s blessing for others. While we celebrate a harvest season just once a year, we experience the spirit of harvest all the time. Each day that we go to a job and earn a paycheck, we experience harvest.
What are the methods used for harvesting fruits?
Commonly used tools for fruit and vegetable harvesting are secateurs or knives, and hand held or pole mounted picking shears. When fruits or vegetables are difficult to catch, such as mangoes or avocados, a cushioning material is placed around the tree to prevent damage to the fruit when dropping from high trees.
What will you do to maintain the freshness of the fruits?
Storing fruit in the fridge
- Most fresh fruit, including apples, berries and grapes, will last longer if kept in their original packaging and stored in the crisper of your fridge.
- Berries can last in the fridge for about a week. …
- Plastic bags with tiny vents (openings) help keep fruit fresh longer by releasing moisture.
What is maturity and its types?
There is mental, physical, emotional, somatic growth and development in the child. Some of the changes are even genetic in mature. During one’s lifetime, there are many types of maturation. But the two most important kinds of maturity during childhood are physical and cognitive maturation.