Post-harvest management is a system of handling, storing, and transporting agricultural commodities after harvest. For some commodities such as coffee and cocoa, post-harvest activities may include drying and fermenting as well.
What is meant by post harvesting?
In agriculture, postharvest handling is the stage of crop production immediately following harvest, including cooling, cleaning, sorting and packing. The instant a crop is removed from the ground, or separated from its parent plant, it begins to deteriorate.
What do you mean by post-harvest management of vegetables?
Introduction • Post-harvest management can be defined as methods and techniques applied to increase the shelf life of the products. • Postharvest activities include harvesting, handling, storage, processing, packaging, transportation and marketing.
Why is post-harvest management important?
The importance of post-harvest management is that it has the capability to meet food requirements of a growing population by eliminating losses, making more nutritive food items from raw commodities, i.e., fruits and vegetables, and by proper processing and fortification.
What do you understand by post-harvest management and what are the different causes of post harvest losses?
Agricultural engineering in development – Post-harvest losses. The expression “post-harvest losses” means a measurable quantitative and qualitative loss in a given product. These losses can occur during any of the various phases of the post-harvest system.
What is post-harvest in fisheries?
What does “post-harvest fish loss” mean? This chapter introduces the main types of PHFLs encountered in SSFs and the main causes of these losses. Generally speaking, PHFL refers to fish that is either discarded or sold at a relatively low price because of quality deterioration or owing to market dynamics.
What is post-harvest in aquaculture?
Post-harvest fisheries is deﬁned as what culminates into activities, processes, and steps after harvesting, handling, processing, distributing, marketing, and consumption.
Post Harvest Management includes the processes done immediately after harvesting the produce, including cooling, cleaning, sorting and packing. The instant a crop is removed from the ground, or separated from its parent plant, it begins to deteriorate.
What is post-harvest management of fruits and vegetables?
Post harvest for fresh fruit, vegetables and root crops is a science created with the aim of: Reducing the level of weight loss after harvesting fruits and vegetables. Maintaining fruit and vegetable quality for the final consumer.
What is post-harvest PDF?
Postharvest technology is interdisciplinary science and technique applied to agricultural produce after harvest for its production, conservation, processing, packaging, distribution, marketing and utilization to meet the food and nutritional requirements of the people in relation to their needs.
What are the different types of post-harvest activities?
Post-harvest activities include harvesting, handling, storage, processing, packaging, transportation and marketing. Losses of horticultural produce are a major problem in the post-harvest chain.
What is post harvest losses in agriculture?
Post-harvest losses occur between harvest and the moment of human consumption. They include on-farm losses, such as when grain is threshed, winnowed, and dried. Other on-farm losses include inadequate harvesting time, climatic conditions, practices applied at harvest and handling, and challenges in marketing produce.
What are the major post harvest causes?
Weeds also compete with crops for nutrients and soil moisture; crop hygiene-decaying plant residues, dead wood, and decaying or mummified fruit are all reservoirs of infection causing post-harvest decay. Their collection and removal are crucial factors in the reduction of post-harvest losses.