A Khadin, also called a Dhora, is an ingenious construction designed to harvest surface runoff water for agriculture. Its main feature is a very long (100-300 m) earthen embankment built across the lower hill slopes lying below gravelly uplands.
Where is khadin system used?
Since 15th century, people of extremely dry Western Rajasthan around Jaisalmer region follows a traditional runoff farming, a typical land use system widely prevalent in highly arid areas of Thar desert which is commonly known as khadin cultivation in which rainwater harvested in the lower reaches during kharif is used …
What is Zabo system?
‘Zabo’, which means ‘impounding water’, is an ingenious method of catching rainwater running off the mountains. It involves the preservation of forests on the hill tops to provide the catchment for the water. At the next level ponds are dug out to hold rainwater, which is brought there through small channels.
What is khadin and Johad?
Johads are small earthen check dams that capture and conserve rainwater, improving percolation and groundwater recharge. They are spread across more than 650 villages in Alwar district, Rajasthan. Khadin is an ingenious construction designed to harvest surface runoff water for agriculture.
What is Paar system?
This system of rainwater harvesting is designed to harvest surface runoff water for agriculture. The traditional method has been used by many villagers since the 15th century and Bhati is trying to revive it in the desert.
What is Bundhis water harvesting?
Explanation. Water harvesting is an age-old concept in India and is practised in India from years. Khadin structures are practised in Rajasthan for water harvesting, Bundhis in Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh, Ahars in Bihar and Kattas in Karnataka. These types of ancient structures are still used for water harvesting …
What are the advantages of khadin system?
1.It gives local people over their local water resources. 2.It ensures that mismanagement and over exploitation of the resources is reduced/removed. 3. Water spreads to recharge wells.
What is Bamboo drip irrigation system?
The bamboo drip irrigation system is normally used to irrigate the betel leaf or black pepper crops planted in arecanut orchards or in mixed orchards. Bamboo pipes are used to divert perennial springs on the hilltops to the lower reaches by gravity.
How do Kunds work?
In the sandier tracts, the villagers have developed a system of rainwater harvesting known as kunds or kundis (local name for a covered underground tank) to tackle drinking water problems. The kund consists of a saucer-shaped catchment area with a gentle slope towards the centre where a tank is situated.
What is roof water harvesting?
Rooftop Rain Water Harvesting is the technique through which rain water is captured from the roof catchments and stored in reservoirs. Harvested rain water can be stored in sub-surface ground water reservoir by adopting artificial recharge techniques to meet the household needs through storage in tanks.
Which state of India khadin system is found for water harvesting?
Thus, a khadin is an unique practice of water-harvesting, moisture conservation, and utilization in hyper arid region of Rajasthan (Fig. 1) Traditionally, khadin system was designed and developed by the Paliwal Brahmins of Jaisalmer (Rajasthan) in 15th century.
What is a johad in geography?
A johad (Hindi: जोहड), also known as a pokhar or a percolation pond, is a community-owned traditional harvested rainwater storage wetland principally used for effectively harnessing water resources in the states of Haryana, Rajasthan, Punjab, and western Uttar Pradesh of North India, that collects and stores water …
What is saline area in khadin system?
It allows maximum water to retained in the saturated agricultural fields and prevents washing away of top soil. Saline area in Khadin system is related to salt. It helps in beneficial and improved agricultural production through sustainable and integrated usage of resources available.
Which is ancient water harvesting system?
Taanka is a traditional rainwater harvesting technique indigenous to the Thar desert region of Rajasthan. A Taanka is a cylindrical paved underground pit into which rainwater from rooftops, courtyards or artificially prepared catchments flows.
What is rainwater harvesting Upsc?
Definition: Rainwater harvesting is the collection and storing of rainwater that runs off from the tops of roofs, open spaces like parks and roads, or especially prepared ground.
Which is an example of a traditional water harvesting system?
Some examples of traditional rainwater harvesting include qanats, contour-bench terracing, spate irrigation, khuskhaba system, rooftop rainfall collection and cisterns.