What are the safety measures for excavation?

What are the safety measures for excavation work?

03. Safety Precaution while Excavation Work:

  • Prepare firm and broad approach road. …
  • The nail should not be lying around, after the completion of layout work.
  • Barricade the site to restrict the entry of animal and the unauthorised person on site.
  • Ensure that workers are wearing personal protective equipment.

What are the rules of excavation?

OSHA requires employers to provide ladders, steps, ramps, or other safe means of egress for workers working in trench excavations 4 feet (1.22 meters) or deeper. The means of egress must be located so as not to require workers to travel more than 25 feet (7.62 meters) laterally within the trench.

What is excavation hazards and control measures?

Excavation Hazards are the dangers associated with soil excavation at the construction sites. While construction site excavation, both the workers inside trenches and on the surface are at high risk. So protective measures must be considered against the hazards in the excavation.

What are 2 measures that could be used to prevent ground collapse when excavating?

Engineering Controls – for example benching, battering or shoring the sides of the excavation to reduce the risk of ground collapse.

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What is excavation in safety definition?

Definition of Excavation:

Excavation is defined as ground breaking or making trench in ground is called as excavation.

What are the types of excavation hazard?

More excavation-related hazards

  • falls into trenches or excavations.
  • tripping over equipment, debris and spoil.
  • excavated material or other objects falling on workers.
  • exposure to underground services or overhead electrical cables.
  • unstable adjacent structures.
  • mishandled or poorly placed materials.

What are the three main protection methods against cave-ins?

To prevent cave-ins:

  • SLOPE or bench trench walls.
  • SHORE trench walls with supports, or.
  • SHIELD trench walls with trench boxes.

What is the most common hazard during an excavation?

Probably the most common hazard at any work site is the threat of cave-in. A cave-in occurs when walls of an excavation collapse. Cave-ins can be deadly. Wall failures often occur suddenly, with little or no time for the worker to react.